What Does Letting Our Own War Criminals Go Free Tell Us About Ourselves?
by Nat Hentoff
December 10, 2008
Since I live in the Village, my Congressman is Jerrold Nadler, a civil libertarian
for all seasons. Unlike many of his Democratic colleagues, he has never been in
fear of being targeted as "soft on terrorism" for opposing the Bush-Cheney
war on the Bill of Rights. Nadler certainly does not underestimate the jihadists:
The 9/11 attacks exploded in his district.
In The Almanac of American Politics, Michael Barone describes Nadler’s reaction
to that day of terror: Securing "$20 billion for the cleanup and eventual
rebuilding, he spearheaded numerous actions on behalf of affected families .
. ." but "Nadler remained true to his civil libertarian views. He
vigorously opposed the USA Patriot Act and the Iraq War Resolution." And
since 2007, he has chaired the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights,
and Civil Liberties.
In that subcommittee, and on the floor of the House, he fought Bush (and some
Democrats) in order to give "enemy combatants" their habeas corpus
rights. (The Supreme Court has agreed.) And, unlike many Democrats, he has worked
to narrow the very definition of "enemy combatant," which is especially
important. Under the Military Commissions Act of 2006, voted for by too many
Democrats, anyone held as a captured "detainee" in a military prison
can be charged with giving "material support" to the enemy and can
be locked up indefinitely. American citizens have also been held on this charge–which
could include giving money to a charity they weren’t aware was on some secret
government list–and thus accused of having "links," however
tenuous, to terrorism.
Now, in House Resolution 1531–introduced on November 20–Nadler
is the first member of Congress to urge Bush, in his final 90 days, not to pardon
"senior members of his administration." This is intended to prevent
Bush from giving immunity from prosecution to those "senior members"
responsible for the torture policy and other violations of U.S. and international
laws that could make Dick Cheney, for example, a defendant.
As of this writing, a November 25 Wall Street Journal headline indicates that
the "White House Is Disinclined to Grant Clemency to Officials Involved
in Terror Policies." I doubt that Bush–his legacy already in irredeemable
shambles–would want to add, as he left, a firestorm of abuse far greater
than what engulfed President Ford for pardoning Nixon. But, conceivably, Bush
could change his mind, pressured by senior colleagues and CIA officials who
would dread learning, firsthand, what prison conditions are actually like. Nevertheless,
although the section about a pardon in Nadler’s resolution may well not be necessary,
it’s good to have it as a preemptive way to prevent Bush from issuing, in the
last hours of his reign, pardons for his accomplices.
The rest of Nadler’s resolution concerns President Obama and the next Congress,
with its stronger Democratic majority: Will they exempt the upper levels of
Bush’s chain of command, and Bush himself, from any accountability for their
serial war crimes? Details of this can be readily found in Beyond The Law: The
Bush Administration’s Unlawful Responses in the "War" on Terror (Cambridge
University Press) by Jordon J. Paust, professor of international law at the
University of Houston.
The climax of the Nadler resolution–which can and, I expect, will be
introduced in the next Congress–continues: "It is the sense of the
House of Representatives that a special investigative commission, or a Select
Committee, be tasked with investigating possible illegal activities by senior
officials of the administration of President George W. Bush, including, if necessary,
any abuse of the President’s pardon power . . . [that] the next Attorney General
of the United States appoint an independent counsel to investigate and, where
appropriate, persecute illegal acts by senior officials of the administration
of President George W. Bush."
There will, of course, be searing resistance by Republicans and more than a
few Democrats to these attempts which would show the world and, far more importantly,
present and future Americans that "The government of the United States
has been emphatically termed a government of laws, and not of men" (Chief
Justice John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison, 1803).
Among President Obama’s advisers (and, seemingly, in the man himself), there
is a division as to what, if anything, should be done to the chief rapists of
the Constitution since 9/11. On one hand, with so much for the new president
to do, he’ll need public support, so why distract the citizenry with old news?
Also, for many of us, there’s much more concern about keeping our jobs (or scrambling
to find new ones) than finding out who ordered waterboarding or gave the CIA
blanket permission to hide away suspects in secret "black-site" prisons.
The answer to this quandary–and I think Barack Obama is capable of understanding
this–is provided by Scott Horton, former president of the International
League for Human Rights, and a Tom Paine of our time, in a story in Harper’s
December issue, called "Justice After Bush": "If the people wish
to retain sovereignty, they must also reclaim responsibility for the actions
taken in their name. As of yet, they have not. . . . Pursuing the Bush administration
for crimes long known to the public may amount to a kind of hypocrisy, but it
is a necessary hypocrisy. The alternative, simply doing nothing, not only ratifies
torture (among other crimes), it ratifies the failure of the people to control
the actions of their government" (emphasis added).
It took too long, but we the people finally recognized that the Japanese-American
internment camps of World War II were un-American. It took two centuries for
us to elect our first black president.
But if we now absolve ourselves from the need to pierce the most secret administration
in our history to find out and account for all the rampant lawlessness and savagery
that has been done in our name, the legacy we leave will encourage future administrations
to ignore the law.
Back in June 2007, I heard a caller from Germany speaking on Tom Ashbrook’s
WBUR radio show in Boston: "I was an exchange student in America years
ago, where I learned most of what I know about the rule of law and democracy
in the United States. I am dismayed at what has happened to the American rule
of law, giving up what we’re fighting for."
What has happened to the rule of law, and what has happened to Americans?