By Peter Dale Scott
The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol. 11, Issue 29, No. 1, July 29, 2013
For almost two centuries American government, though always imperfect, was also a model for the world of limited government, having evolved a system of restraints on executive power through its constitutional arrangement of checks and balances.
Since 9/11 however, constitutional practices have been overshadowed by a series of emergency measures to fight terrorism. The latter have mushroomed in size, reach and budget, while traditional government has shrunk. As a result we have today what the journalist Dana Priest has called two governments: the one its citizens were familiar with, operated more or less in the open: the other a parallel top secret government whose parts had mushroomed in less than a decade into a gigantic, sprawling universe of its own, visible to only a carefully vetted cadre – and its entirety…visible only to God.1
More and more, it is becoming common to say that America, like Turkey before it, now has what Marc Ambinder and John Tirman have called a deep state behind the public one.2 And this parallel government is guided in surveillance matters by its own Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, known as the FISA court, which according to the New York Times, “has quietly become almost a parallel Supreme Court.”3 Thanks largely to Edward Snowden, it is now clear that the FISA Court has permitted this deep state to expand surveillance beyond the tiny number of known and suspected Islamic terrorists, to any incipient protest movement that might challenge the policies of the American war machine.…Continue reading
by Kevin Ryan
In the summer of 2001, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent Robert Wright, a counterterrorism expert from the Chicago office, made some startling claims about the Bureau in a written statement outlining the difficulties he had doing his job. Three months before 9/11, he wrote: “The FBI has proven for the past decade it cannot identify and prevent acts of terrorism against the United States and its citizens at home and abroad. Even worse, there is virtually no effort on the part of the FBI’s International Terrorism Unit to neutralize known and suspected terrorists residing within the United States.”
Revelations since 9/11 have confirmed Wright’s claims. FBI management did little or nothing to stop terrorism in the decade before 9/11 and, in some cases, appeared to have supported terrorists. This is more disturbing considering that the power of the FBI over terrorism investigations was supreme. In 1998, the FBI’s strategic plan stated that terrorist activities fell “almost exclusively within the jurisdiction of the FBI” and that “the FBI has no higher priority than to combat terrorism.”
A number of people are suspect in these failures, including the leaders of the FBI’s counterterrorism programs. But at the time of Wright’s written complaint, which was not shared with the public until May 2002, the man most responsible was Louis Freeh, Director of the FBI from 1993 to 2001.
Agent Wright was not FBI leadership’s only detractor, and not the only one to criticize Freeh. The public advocacy law firm Judicial Watch, which prosecutes government abuse and corruption, rejoiced at the news of Freeh’s March 2001 resignation. Judicial Watch pointed to a “legacy of corruption” at the FBI under Freeh, listing the espionage scandal at Los Alamos National Laboratories, as well as “Filegate, Waco, the Ruby Ridge cover-up, the Olympic bombing frame-up of Richard Jewell, [and] falsification of evidence concerning the Oklahoma City bombing.”
Judicial Watch said that Director Freeh believed he was above the law.…Continue reading
The Eighth Annual 9/11 Truth Film Festival will explore what featured speaker, professor, author, former diplomat, Peter Dale Scott has termed “deep events.” Scott defines “deep events” as those that are systematically ignored or falsified in the mainstream media and public consciousness. The Film Festival, will be held again at the historic Grand Lake Theater, 3200 Grand Ave, Oakland, on Tuesday, September 11, 2012 from 2 pm to 11 pm, and is a benefit for the Northern California 9/11 Truth Alliance.
9/11 bears the fingerprints of an audacious false flag operation, but it also fits into a long historical pattern of events designed to provoke and alter public sentiment and behavior. A range of films and film excerpts, along with speakers, will analyze multiple events, including the Oakland bombing of activist Judi Bari, the Oklahoma City bombing, and the London bombings. Speakers will include Chris Emery film producer of A Noble Lie — Oklahoma City 1995; Professors Peter Phillips and Mickey Huff of Project Censored; Mark Gaffney, author of Black 9/11 Money, Motive, and Technology and The 9/11 Mystery Plane And the Vanishing of America. In addition to the films specifically about 9/11, including The Toronto Hearings on 9/11 – Uncovering Ten Years of Deception, the new one hour television version of 9/11: Explosive Evidence — Experts Speak Out, the documentary I am Fishead will premiere and cast some light on psychopaths, empathy, authority and the power of moral courage.… Continue reading
RT talks to Peter Dale Scott – former diplomat, poet and prominent anti-war advocate. He says that the US corporate superstructure conglomerate – including financial interests, the defense industry, oil companies and the media – brazenly manipulate American society.
Watch RT LIVE on our website http://rt.com/on-air.
Transcript reprinted from source:
The US corporate superstructure conglomerate – including financial interests, the defense industry, oil companies and the media – brazenly manipulate American society, shares Peter Dale Scott, former diplomat, poet and prominent anti-war advocate.
RT: Why do you think such a concept as Democracy is being so grossly misused?
Peter Dale Scott: It is true, especially in the last 15-20 years, that America has used these slogans of democracy and freedom as a way of expanding their sphere of influence in the world.
We have these two foundations, one Democratic, one Republican, doing what the CIA used to do — putting money into other countries’ elections that I think is quite inappropriate.
Yes, I would like to see more democracy and freedom in the world, but it has to be autochthonous, it has to grow out of the country, it is not something you can blast in. In Libya, it was totally pushed from outside.
I think history is going to judge the Libya thing from a very negative assessment, what was done against Gaddafi.
RT: Do you think it’s really idealism or the lack of necessary analysis or consideration on the part of people… Continue reading
On April 12 to 14, there will be a conference in Claremont, California, entitled “Celebrating Reenchantment: The Philosophical, Religious, and Political Thought of David Ray Griffin.”
The conference will feature scholars addressing the various topics Griffin has covered, including 9/11. Two of the lectures — those by Tod Fletcher and Peter Dale Scott — will deal with 9/11. Here is the program:
- John Buchanan, an independent scholar, will talk about Griffin’s writings on life after death.
- Philip Clayton, the dean of Claremont School of Theology and provost of Claremont Lincoln University, will address Griffin’s views on religion and scientific naturalism.
- John Cobb, emeritus professor of theology at Claremont School of Theology and Claremont Graduate University and founding director of the Center for Process Studies, will address Griffin’s writings on evolution.
- Daniel Dombrowski, professor of philosophy at Seattle University, will talk about Griffin’s treatment of the mind-body relation.
- Gary Dorrien, professor of social ethics at Union Theological Seminary and professor of religion at Columbia University, will discuss Griffin’s process theology.
- Richard Falk, professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University and professor of global and international studies at the University of California-Santa Barbara, will discuss Griffin on postmodern politics and spirituality.
- Tod Fletcher, former professor of environmental science at the University of California-Berkeley, will discuss Griffin’s writings about 9/11 and the 9/11 Truth Movement.
by Peter Dale Scott
November 22, 2011
Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus (The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol 9, Issue 47 No 2)
I know the capacity that is there to make tyranny total in America, and we must see to it that this agency [the National Security Agency] and all agencies that possess this technology operate within the law and under proper supervision, so that we never cross over that abyss. That is the abyss from which there is no return.” – Senator Frank Church (1975)
I would like to discuss four major and badly understood events – the John F. Kennedy assassination, Watergate, Iran-Contra, and 9/11. I will analyze these deep events as part of a deeper political process linking them, a process that has helped build up repressive power in America at the expense of democracy.
In recent years I have been talking about a dark force behind these events — a force which, for want of a better term, I have clumsily called a “deep state,” operating both within and outside the public state. Today for the first time I want to identify part of that dark force, a part which has operated for five decades or more at the edge of the public state. This part of the dark force has a name not invented by me: the Doomsday Project, the Pentagon’s name for the emergency planning “to keep the White House and Pentagon running during and after a nuclear war or some other major crisis.”1
My point is a simple and important one: to show that the Doomsday Project of the 1980s, and the earlier emergency planning that developed into it, have played a role in the background of all the deep events I shall discuss.…Continue reading
Introduction: 9/11 Ten Years Later
The words in the title of this book – “9/11 Ten Years Later” – are often followed with an exclamation point. The exclamation point may be a way of expressing, by members of the 9/11 Truth Movement, amazement that the truth has not already been publicly revealed. The exclamation point might be used by detractors of this movement — perhaps along with an expletive — to express their feeling that it is time for these people to “get a life.” The exclamation point might reflect a position somewhat in the middle — of spouses of members hoping that no more years of their family life will be oriented around the work of trying to get the truth revealed.
In any case, for reasons discussed in this book (especially the final two chapters), there is nothing surprising about the fact that the 9/11 crime has not been revealed. Those who have gained control of a state in an ostensible democracy have many means not only for orchestrating major crimes, but also for preventing those crimes (including their crimes against democracy itself) from being publicized.
What is somewhat surprising, perhaps to the perpetrators themselves, is the fact that the 9/11 Truth Movement is still alive and, in fact, continues to grow. The first professional 9/11 organization, Scholars for 9/11 Truth, was formed in 2005, and since then a dozen professional organizations have been created. It was not until 2006 that architect Richard Gage started… Continue reading
Peter Dale Scott
The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol 9, Issue 31 No 1, August 1, 2011.
Twice in the last two decades, significant cuts in U.S. and western military spending were foreseen: first after the fall of the Berlin Wall, and then in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. But both times military spending soon increased, and among the factors contributing to the increase were America’s interventions in new areas: the Balkans in the 1990s, and Libya today.1 Hidden from public view in both cases was the extent to which al-Qaeda was a covert U.S. ally in both interventions, rather than its foe.
U.S. interventions in the Balkans and then Libya were presented by the compliant U.S. and allied mainstream media as humanitarian. Indeed, some Washington interventionists may have sincerely believed this. But deeper motivations – from oil to geostrategic priorities – were also at work in both instances.
In virtually all the wars since 1989, America and Islamist factions have been battling to determine who will control the heartlands of Eurasia in the post-Soviet era. In some countries – Somalia in 1993, Afghanistan in 2001 – the conflict has been straightforward, with each side using the other’s excesses as an excuse for intervention.
But there have been other interventions in which Americans have used al-Qaeda as a resource to increase their influence, for example Azerbaijan in 1993. There a pro-Moscow president was ousted after large numbers of Arab and other foreign mujahedin veterans were secretly imported from Afghanistan, on an airline hastily organized by three former veterans of the CIA’s airline Air America. (The three, all once detailed from the Pentagon to the CIA, were Richard Secord, Harry Aderholt, and Ed Dearborn.)2 This was an ad hoc marriage of convenience: the mujahedin got to defend Muslims against Russian influence in the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, while the Americans got a new president who opened up the oilfields of Baku to western oil companies.
The pattern of U.S. collaboration with Muslim fundamentalists against more secular enemies is not new. It dates back to at least 1953, when the CIA recruited right-wing mullahs to overthrow Prime Minister Mossadeq in Iran, and also began to cooperate with the Sunni Muslim Brotherhood.3 But in Libya in 2011 we see a more complex marriage of convenience between US and al-Qaeda elements: one which repeats a pattern seen in Bosnia in 1992-95, and Kosovo in 1997-98. In those countries America responded to a local conflict in the name of a humanitarian intervention to restrain the side committing atrocities. But in all three cases both sides committed atrocities, and American intervention in fact favored the side allied with al-Qaeda.
The cause of intervention was fostered in all three cases by blatant manipulation and falsification of the facts. What a historian has noted of the Bosnian conflict was true also of Kosovo and is being echoed today in Libya: though attacks were “perpetrated by Serbs and Muslims alike,” the pattern in western media was “that killings of Muslims were newsworthy, while the deaths of non-Muslims were not.”4 Reports of mass rapes in the thousands proved to be wildly exaggerated: a French journalist “uncovered only four women willing to back up the story.”5 Meanwhile in 1994 the French intellectual Bernard-Henri Levy (BHL) traveled to Bosnia and fervently endorsed the case for intervention in Bosnia; in 2011 February BHL traveled to Benghazi and reprised his interventionist role for Libya.6
In all of the countries mentioned above, furthermore, there are signs that some American and/or western intelligence groups were collaborating with al-Qaeda elements from the outset of conflict, before the atrocities cited as a reason for intervention.. This suggests that there were deeper reasons for America’s interventions including the desire of western oil companies to exploit the petroleum reserves of Libya (as in Iraq) without having to deal with a troublesome and powerful strong man, or their desire to create a strategic oil pipeline across the Balkans (in Kosovo).7
That the U.S. would support al-Qaeda in terrorist atrocities runs wholly counter to impressions created by the U.S. media. Yet this on-going unholy alliance resurrects and builds on the alliance underlying Zbigniew Brzezinski’s 1978-79 strategy of provocation in Afghanistan, at a time when he was President Carter’s National Security Adviser.
The Shah (left), Brzezinski (right), Carter (second right)
by Kevin Ryan
Published on his blog at 911blogger.com
Having read a few of Peter Dale Scott’s earlier books, I was looking forward to his new work, American War Machine. I was not disappointed. Published by Roman & Littlefield in late 2010, this book examines a wide-ranging number of covert US operations since World War II, and, among other things, demonstrates that many of these operations were intimately connected with, and dependent on, illicit drug trafficking. Although my background and experience do not qualify me to write an authoritative review of this important book, I hope that my impressions will compel others to read it.
Scott previously defined concepts such as deep events, deep politics and the deep state, to refer to covert mechanisms that facilitate the strategies of the politically minded rich, a group otherwise referred to as the overworld. Deep events, which Scott defines as those which are “systematically ignored or falsified in the mainstream media and public consciousness,” can be seen as sharing certain features, such as cover-up of evidence and irresoluble controversy over what happened. These features contribute to a suppressed memory of the event among the general public. Deep events are often associated with illegally sanctioned violence, and involve little known, but historically evident, cooperation between leaders of the state and organized crime.
In American War Machine, Scott sets out to write the first “deep history” of such events, politics and state entities. As he writes: “In my experience, deep… Continue reading
December 8, 2010
The Real News Network
PAUL JAY, SENIOR EDITOR, TRNN: Welcome back to The Real News Network. And it’s the first perhaps annual Real News Webathon. We’re heading towards our $200,000 target by the end of December 9, where I think we’re getting upwards of $165,000 now, with another tonight and tomorrow night to go. So we’re doing very well, and I want to thank everybody so far for donating. And if you like what The Real News is doing, please give us a little tap on the donate button here, or you can call 888-449-6772, or you can also email us at contact (at) therealnews (dot) com if you’re having any other trouble. But the best thing is just to hit the donate button. The $200,000, I’ve explained before, covers just barely four months of the work that we’re doing now at the level we’re doing now, but we really want to expand in 2011. We need producers that specialize in certain areas. And one of the areas we want to specialize is the military-industrial complex. We’d like to have a producer who does nothing but cover stories about the sort of underpinnings of US foreign policy and the real issues that don’t get discussed very much in terms of what’s driving much of global politics, and even, as I–in the current WikiLeaks there’s a layer of truth, one could say, that is not really revealed in these WikiLeaks, because they’re not top secret, as we’ve… Continue reading
Interview with esteemed scholar and author Peter Dale Scott
September 10, 2010
Peter Dale Scott: “I do know for a certainty that there has been a cover-up of 9/11″ …
Bio ~ Peter Dale Scott a former Canadian diplomat and Professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley, is a poet, writer, and researcher. His most recent books are Drugs, Oil, and War (2005), The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America (2007), The War Conspiracy: JFK, 9/11 and the Deep Politics of War (2008) and Mosaic Orpheus (poetry, 2009).
19 August 2010
For Immediate Release:
Join WeAreChange for “Our Lives Post 9/11″, a Four Day 9/11 Truth Conference and Charity Event in New York City – September 9th-12th 2010
Former C.I.A., F.B.I., members of the House and Senate, a State Governor, Parliament Member, and others converge; with the people, with you, to discuss the fallacies of the official 9/11 report, and the post 9/11 world.
This year in NYC, whistle blowers from all levels of government agencies, politicians, filmmakers, activists and journalists will unite with hundreds of others to raise awareness to the plight of the 9/11 First Responders by holding a Charity conference over the course of four days.
The events of 9/11 changed all of our lives. From foreign and domestic policy to new security measures, America has not been the same since that fateful day. “Our Lives Post 9/11″ is a four day conference where people will come together to share ideas, raise money and awareness and work toward a better future.
“Our Lives Post 9/11″ will feature a lineup of speakers spanning from government officials, whistle blowers, political scholars, 9/11 family members, and more to discuss the criminal negligence of the American Government leading up to and following 9/11.
Speakers include Ray McGovern, former CIA analyst, George Galloway, British politician, Richard Gage, AIA, Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Cindy Sheehan, Peace Activist, Cynthia McKinney, former U.S. Congresswoman, Annie Machon, former MI5 agent, Mike Gravel, former U.S Senator, and so many more!
Events start at… Continue reading
by Peter Dale Scott
The Asia-Pacific Journal , 21-2-10
In July 1987, during the Iran-Contra Hearings grilling of Oliver North, the American public got a glimpse of “highly sensitive” emergency planning North had been involved in. Ostensibly these were emergency plans to suspend the American constitution in the event of a nuclear attack (a legitimate concern). But press accounts alleged that the planning was for a more generalized suspension of the constitution.
As part of its routine Iran-contra coverage, the following exchange was printed in the New York Times , but without journalistic comment or follow-up:
[Congressman Jack] Brooks: Colonel North, in your work at the N.S.C. were you not assigned, at one time, to work on plans for the continuity of government in the event of a major disaster?
Both North’s attorney and Sen. Daniel Inouye, the Democratic Chair of the Committee, responded in a way that showed they were aware of the issue:
Brendan Sullivan [North's counsel, agitatedly]: Mr. Chairman?
[Senator Daniel] Inouye: I believe that question touches upon a highly sensitive and classified area so may I request that you not touch upon that?
Brooks: I was particularly concerned, Mr. Chairman, because I read in Miami papers, and several others, that there had been a plan developed, by that same agency, a contingency plan in the event of emergency, that would suspend the American… Continue reading
Revealing the Hidden Forces Behind World Events and Offering Creative
Santa Cruz, CA (PRWEB) May 10, 2010 — Organizers of the May
14-16 Santa Cruz “Understanding Deep Politics” conference have announced
a three-day summit of engaged scholars and activist leaders to shed new light
on the corrupt forces driving current events, expose the corporate media’s complicity,
and craft tenable strategies of response.
According to “Understanding Deep Politics” coordinator Gabriel Day,
“We believe the most powerful catalyst for positive social change would
be a widespread understanding of deep politics and a corresponding outpouring
of courageous activism addressing the real roots of our crises. We think that
all participants will emerge from this weekend considerably smarter, better
networked, and more hopefully prepared for the great challenges we face.”
EVENT: “Understanding Deep Politics” Conference
WHEN: Fri, May 14, 2010 at 7 PM (Registration from 3 PM, Social
hour: 5 PM) through Sun, May 16th, 6 PM
WHERE: University Inn and Conference Center, 611 Ocean Street,
Santa Cruz, CA
ADMISSION: $25-$110 (including Student and Senior discounts)
SPEAKERS / SOLUTION SESSION PANELISTS (alphabetically)
Ellen Brown – attorney/forensic economist focused on the
crimes of the Federal Reserve
Ian Crane – former oil executive, now writing/lecturing on
geo-political webs of domination
David Ray Griffin – eminent philosophy professor with 30 books
and many 9/11 classics
Annie Machon – former MI-5 Security Service intelligence officer
Jim Marrs – award-winning investigative journalist and NY Times
Michael Parenti – renowned progressive… Continue reading
Probe Beneath the Surface of the Obama Era at the “Understanding Deep Politics” Conference in Santa Cruz, May 14-16
By Byron Belitsos
May 4, 2010
Some say it began with the invasion of Iraq. Others, with the inauguration of George W. Bush for his second term. Many point to the day of 9/11. But those in the know–including ten distinguished speakers headlining the “Understanding Deep Politics” Conference in Santa Cruz this May 14-16–trace the era of deep politics further back: Some to JFK’s assassination; others, to the aftermath of World War II. And a few speakers in Santa Cruz will stretch us back to Hitler, Lenin, Weishaupt, or Machiavelli, from there to ancient secret societies, and even back to the dawn of human governance itself–in the belief that conscious political deception is an inescapable feature of human nature. But all agree on the general definition of deep politics: It refers to government in which two dimensions of action always coexist: Overt and covert, or benign and utterly ruthless.
We can trace it forward too; by now we know that the ways of deceptive government did not end with the ascent of Obama. As with the Bush era, the overt side of American politics still refers to government actions thinly covered in the mainstream press; on this level of action, we know that Obama signed the largest military budget in history, expanded the war in Afghanistan, bailed out banks, and “reformed” health care; but on the covert side of the equation, most don’t realize–given how the corporate media and Obama’s benign rhetoric is busy distracting us–that the new president has carried forward virtually all of the discredited Bush-era War or Terror policies.…Continue reading
Guns and Butter on KPFA 94.1 or at KPFA.org
Interview with investigative reporters and authors, Kristina Borjesson, Charlotte Dennett and Peter Dale Scott.
Guns and Butter – April 7, 2010 at 1:00pm
Click to listen (or
Kristina Borjesson is editor of “Into the Buzzsaw: Leading Journalists Expose The Myth of a Free Press” and “Feet to the Fire: The Media After 9/11: Top Journalists Speak Out”.
Charlotte Dennett is author of “The People v Bush: One Lawyer’s Campaign to Bring the President to Justice and the Grassroots Movement She Encountered Along the Way” and co-author with her husband, Gerard Colby, of “Thy Will Be Done: The Conquest of the Amazon Nelson Rockefeller and Evangelism in the Age of Oil”.
Peter Dale Scott is author of “The War Conspiracy: JFK, 9/11 and the Deep Politics of War”, “The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire and the Future of America”, “Deep Politics and the Death of JFK”, and “Crime and Cover-Up: The CIA, the Mafia and the Dallas-Watergate Connection” among many other books.
“Guns & Butter” investigates the relationships among capitalism, militarism and politics. Maintaining a radical perspective in the aftermath of the September 11th attacks, “Guns & Butter: The Economics of Politics” reports on who wins and who loses when the economic resources of civil society are diverted toward global corporatization, war, and the furtherance of a national security state.
Produced… Continue reading
With Speakers: Cynthia McKinney, David Ray Griffin, Peter Dale Scott, Ellen Brown, Ian Crane, Annie Machon, Jim Marrs, Michael Parenti, Peter Phillips, and Barrie Zwicker
In one packed weekend, Understanding Deep Politics will bring together ten distinguished speakers
and hundreds of concerned citizens for the purpose of challenging the
mainstream perceptions of political reality – revealing the hidden forces behind many widely accepted historical and current events.
This unprecedented and provocative conference will span three days, including an early Friday evening meet and greet get-together.
Please join us at this sure-to-be-historic conference and be a part of the crucial effort to gain a critical, deeper understanding of the causes of our societal dilemmas as we work together to fashion new possibilities for the betterment of all.
Conference voice mail: 707-672-4242
To make donations:
or mail to: Progressive Promotions
P.O. Box 600, Bayside, CA 95524
The conference will take place at the UCSC Inn and Conference Center.
611 Ocean Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95060
Toll Free: 1-866-827-2466
SPS versus “W” in Court Hearings in Calgary
By Carol Brouillet
March 7, 2010
DailyCensored.org from Project Censored
Dacajaweiah, John Boncore, or Splitting the Sky, is not a man of few words. If you read his hefty 653-page autobiography, it is very clear that he has lived an extraordinary life and has survived more than his share of violence, to find deep within himself a well of energy and spirit enabling him to not only endure hardships, but to serve his people and the land in the timeless struggle against oppression and tyranny. From the Attica Rebellion to Gustafen Lake to Calgary in 2009, when he attempted a citizen’s arrest of George W. Bush, “Dac” has consciously taken a leadership role to politically challenge the powerful forces that dominate the North American continent. Brutally arrested for his action, he earned his “day in court” to voice not only his defense, but “to highlight the hypocrisy and criminality of the Canadian government for allowing Bush into Canada, and to firmly establish the legal defense of ‘civil resistance’, the duty of citizens to act when our governments and their agents are derelict in their duty. This will be very useful in the future to rein these criminals in.”
Prior to Bush’s visit, the group Lawyers Against the War asked Canadian officials to bar entry or try Bush for his suspected crimes since Canadian Law prohibits “people suspected of any involvement in torture or other war crimes and crimes against humanity from entering… Continue reading