In a companion essay (reprinted below), I discussed the response of some articles in the mainstream press to the claim, made by some defenders of Israel, that Professor Richard Falk should be removed from his current position of UN rapporteur on human rights abuses in the Palestinian Territories — a claim that was reflected in the refusal of Israel on December 14, 2008, to allow him to enter the country. I included in this essay a discussion of an article by reporter Joel Brinkley because, although it was published before Israel’s action against Falk 1 , it could be read as a defense of that action. Brinkley, who had previously worked for the New York Times , argued that Falk did not have the right “frame of mind” for his UN position. In the present essay, I will focus on Brinkley’s argument for this charge, suggesting that it shows that he does not have the right frame of mind for his own current position as visiting professor of journalism at Stanford University.
Brinkley’s Discussion of 9/11
Brinkley’s charge that Falk is unfit for his UN role is quite remarkable, given Falk’s stature. He is Professor Emeritus of International Law and Practice at Princeton University and currently Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of California at Santa Barbara. He has had published (as author or editor) over 60 books by academic and other mainstream presses. He is also widely respected and sought after as a speaker and conference participant.… Continue reading
Wednesday Dec 24, 2008
By a vote of 180 in favour to 1 against (United States) and no abstentions, the Committee also approved a resolution on the right to food, by which the Assembly would “consider it intolerable” that more than 6 million children still died every year from hunger-related illness before their fifth birthday, and that the number of undernourished people had grown to about 923 million worldwide, at the same time that the planet could produce enough food to feed 12 billion people, or twice the world’s present population. (See Annex III.)
The Bush administration, speaking for the U.S.A., therefore must consider it tolerable that 6 million children die every day – children who could be fed if we weren’t wasting billions on stealth fighters, littoral combat boondoggles and non-effective defense against non-existant ballistic missiles from Iran.
Just so you get that, here it is again:
In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, CÃ´te d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.…
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Date : 12-30-2008
For more information, please contact: (Gaza) Ewa Jasiewicz, +972 598 700 497 / firstname.lastname@example.org
(Cyprus) Lubna Masarwa +357 99 081 767 / email@example.com
(U.S.) Greta Berlin, +1 310 422 7242 / firstname.lastname@example.org
(Larnaca, Cyprus, 10:00 am) On Tuesday, December 30, at 5 a.m., several Israeli gunboats intercepted the Dignity as she was heading on a mission of mercy to Gaza. One gunboat rammed into the boat on the port bow side, heavily damaging her. The reports from the passengers and journalists on board is that she is taking on water and appears to have engine problems. When attacked, the Dignity was clearly in international waters, 90 miles off the coast of Gaza.
The gunboats also fired their machine guns into the water in an attempt to stop the mercy ship from getting to Gaza.
As the boat limps toward Lebanon, passengers have been in contact with the Lebanese government who have said the captain has permission to dock and are willing lend assistance if needed. Cyprus sea rescue has also been in touch, and has offered assistance as well. The Dignity clearly flies the flag of Gibraltar, is piloted by an English captain and has a passenger manifest that includes Representative Cynthia McKinney from the U.S. The attack was filmed by the journalists, and the crew and passengers will report on Israel’s crime at sea once they arrive in Lebanon.
On board the boat are doctors traveling to this impoverished slice of the Mediterranean… Continue reading
We’ve forfeited the rights to our own tragedies. As the carnage in Mumbai raged on, day after horrible day, our 24-hour news channels informed us that we were watching “India’s 9/11″. Like actors in a Bollywood rip-off of an old Hollywood film, we’re expected to play our parts and say our lines, even though we know it’s all been said and done before.
As tension in the region builds, US Senator John McCain has warned Pakistan that if it didn’t act fast to arrest the “Bad Guys” he had personal information that India would launch air strikes on “terrorist camps” in Pakistan and that Washington could do nothing because Mumbai was India’s 9/11.
But November isn’t September, 2008 isn’t 2001, Pakistan isn’t Afghanistan and India isn’t America. So perhaps we should reclaim our tragedy and pick through the debris with our own brains and our own broken hearts so that we can arrive at our own conclusions.
It’s odd how in the last week of November thousands of people in Kashmir supervised by thousands of Indian troops lined up to cast their vote, while the richest quarters of India’s richest city ended up looking like war-torn Kupwara — one of Kashmir’s most ravaged districts.
The Mumbai attacks are only the most recent of a spate of terrorist attacks on Indian towns and cities this year. Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Delhi, Guwahati, Jaipur and Malegaon have all seen serial bomb blasts in which hundreds of ordinary… Continue reading
by Nat Hentoff
December 10, 2008
Since I live in the Village, my Congressman is Jerrold Nadler, a civil libertarian
for all seasons. Unlike many of his Democratic colleagues, he has never been in
fear of being targeted as "soft on terrorism" for opposing the Bush-Cheney
war on the Bill of Rights. Nadler certainly does not underestimate the jihadists:
The 9/11 attacks exploded in his district.
In The Almanac of American Politics, Michael Barone describes Nadler’s reaction
to that day of terror: Securing "$20 billion for the cleanup and eventual
rebuilding, he spearheaded numerous actions on behalf of affected families .
. ." but "Nadler remained true to his civil libertarian views. He
vigorously opposed the USA Patriot Act and the Iraq War Resolution." And
since 2007, he has chaired the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights,
and Civil Liberties.
In that subcommittee, and on the floor of the House, he fought Bush (and some
Democrats) in order to give "enemy combatants" their habeas corpus
rights. (The Supreme Court has agreed.) And, unlike many Democrats, he has worked
to narrow the very definition of "enemy combatant," which is especially
important. Under the Military Commissions Act of 2006, voted for by too many
Democrats, anyone held as a captured "detainee" in a military prison
can be charged with giving "material support" to the enemy and can
be locked up indefinitely. American citizens have also been held on this charge–which
could include giving money to a charity they weren’t aware… Continue reading
December 13, 2008
by Cindy Sheehan
"An army of principles can penetrate where an army of soldiers cannot."
Thomas Paine (Revolutionary)
I was recently in Cuba to attend a Human Right’s conference. Cuba is a lovely
country (with many problems still) that will be celebrating 50 years of Revolution
on January 1st of 2009.
Cuba is struggling economically because there are limits to what a tiny island
nation can do, especially when the mightiest nation on this planet sits menacingly
to the north and has maintained a blockade against trade and travel for many
decades. The nation of Cuba is struggling economically, but since they have
been able to survive (not quite thrive) after all this time gives the citizens
of Cuba a rightful pride and sense of unity that is not so apparent in The Empire
that has tried to crush them.
The Revolution led by the Castro brothers, Che Guevara and many other Cuban
heroes overthrew the US puppet government in Havana led by US proxy General
Fulgencio… Continue reading
By William R. Woodward
On Dec. 7, 1941, our country was attacked by Japan. What do our children know of the economic and political reasons for this tragic event?
Robert Stinnet’s book “Day of Deceit. The Truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor” reveals that Franklin Roosevelt not only let the attack on Pearl Harbor happen, but provoked it over a period of 14 months. At the time, the public was only 17 percent in favor of intervention against Germany. Roosevelt secretly had an eight-point plan drawn up to lure Japan into an act of war. The fleet was left exposed, and Japan’s oil supplies were cut off. Roosevelt even conspired to prevent the available intelligence from reaching the admiral in charge. In historical hindsight, it turns out to have been a PsyOp, a psychological operation to turn the public into support of a World War against the Axis powers Germany, Japan, and Italy. Two days after Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Congress declared war.
The author is a UNH professor who sparked a controversy in September 2006 when he was quoted in a newspaper story as saying “government elites orchestrated 9/11″ while summarizing literature on the subject. The university defended his academic freedom and he chose to let the firestorm subside. Now, he breaks the silence with his first opinion piece on the topic.
This book flies in the face of a complacent ideology that the U.S. leaders occupy the moral high ground. In fact, false… Continue reading
Source: Reuters PRISTINA, Nov 22 (Reuters) – Germany declined to comment on Saturday on reports that three Germans arrested on suspicion of throwing explosives at an EU office in Kosovo were intelligence officers.
The explosive charge was thrown on Nov. 14 at the International Civilian Office (ICO), the office of EU Special Representative Pieter Feith, who oversees Kosovo’s governance, but caused only minor damage. The men were detained on Thursday.
A spokesman for the German foreign ministry in Berlin confirmed that three Germans had been arrested, but declined to make any further comment as an investigation was under way.
A police source in Kosovo told Reuters: “They are members of the BND”, but gave no further details.
The German weekly Der Spiegel also said the men worked for the German intelligence agency BND, and that they had told investigators they had been examining the scene of the explosion, but had not been involved in it.
Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in February after nine years under U.N. stewardship and is recognised by more than 50 countries, including Germany.
Four days before the bomb attack, its leaders rejected a plan by U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon’s for the deployment of an EU police and justice mission, EULEX.
Der Spiegel said the BND agents had not been officially registered with Kosovo authorities, which would have secured them diplomatic immunity.
A judge in Pristina was due to decide on Saturday whether to extend the men’s detention or release them on bail.
(Reporting by… Continue reading
HOSTAGES: A Multi-Part FTW Special Investigation
* Medellin Cartel Cofounder, Carlos Lehder: A Free Man in Gov’t. Charade?,
— "Wife" of Drug Lord Speaks
* American International Group, Arkansas, ADFA, Contras, Goldman Sachs, Carlos
Lehder and Coral Reinsurance
* Exposing CIA Covert Operations
A.I.G. — Part Two of a Multi-Part Series
by Michael C. Ruppert
August 14, 2001
…FTW has also conducted an extensive investigation into AIG and its predecessors,
including the C. V. Starr Insurance Companies, revealing deep connections to
US intelligence dating back to the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in World
War II. These connections include documented CIA operatives connected to drug
smuggling from Southeast Asia and a current board member, Frank Wisner, Jr.,
whose father was a key figure in the creation of the CIA. History, as well as
AIG’s current operations, suggest that these relationships continue unabated
The seemingly mundane insurance business is, in fact, one of the primary weapons
of intelligence gathering around the world. And the founder of AIG, Cornelius
Starr, was an architect of its use in World War II. Consider these quotes from
a September 22, 2000 story by Los Angeles Times reporter Mark Fritz entitled,
"The Secret (Insurance) Agent Men."
"COLLEGE PARK, Md.–They knew which factories to burn, which bridges
to blow up, which cargo ships could be sunk in good conscience. They had pothole
counts for roads used for invasion and head counts for city blocks marked
"They weren’t just secret agents. They were secret insurance agents.…
by Stephen C. Webster
Saturday, September 13, 2008
PROGRAM WILL RETURN SUNDAY, 9 A.M. Eastern
Saturday morning, the dean of Massachusetts School of Law at Andover will convene
a two day planning session with a single focus: To arrest, put to trial and
carry out sentence on criminals in the Bush Administration.
The conference, arranged by Lawrence Vevel, cofounder of the Andover school,
will focus on which of Bush’s officials and members of Congress could be charged
with war crimes. The plan also calls for "necessary organizational structures"
to be established, with the purpose of pursuing the guilty "to the ends
of the Earth."
"For Bush, Richard Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, and John Yoo to spend years
in jail or go to the gallows for their crimes would be a powerful lesson to
future American leaders," Velvel said in a media advisory.
"He is a former drunk, was a serial failure in business who had to repeatedly
be bailed out by daddy’s friends and wanna-be-friends, was unable to speak articulately
despite the finest education(s) that money and influence can buy, has a dislike
of reading, so that 100-page memos have to be boiled down to one page for him,
is heedless of facts and evidence, and appears not even to know the meaning
of truth," said Vevel.…
Live Broadcast — 2 Day Conference — All Day Saturday and Sunday, Sept. 13-14th
Saturday & Sunday, Sept. 13-14th
6am Pacific – 9am Eastern – 13:00 GMT
LIVE 2 DAY CONFERENCE direct from Andover, Mass.
A two-day conference on obtaining prosecutions of high level
American war criminals will open September 13th, in Andover, Mass. The conference
will explore the legal grounds for, and plan for, obtaining prosecutions of
President Bush and top officials of his Administration for war crimes.
In the tradition of America’s Chief Prosecutor at the Nuremburg War Crimes Trials
after World War II, Justice Robert Jackson, the Conference’s purpose is “to
hold high U.S. officials accountable in courts of law and, if guilt is found,
to obtain appropriate punishments. Otherwise,” said the Conference’s convener,
Lawrence Velvel, “the future will be threatened by additional examples
of Executive lawlessness by leaders who need fear no personal consequences”
for their actions, leading to the “possibility of more Viet Nams, more
Iraqs, and more repression.”
Velvel emphasized: “This is intended to be a planning conference, one at
which plans will be laid, and necessary organizational structures will be set
up, to seek prosecutions to determine guilt and, if guilt is found, appropriate
Attendees will hear from prominent authorities on international law, criminal
prosecutions, and constitutional rights who are determined to give meaning to
Justice Jackson’s words: “The common sense… Continue reading
Reuters North American News Service
Sep 10, 2008 08:28 EST
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Seven years after the Sept. 11 attacks, there is no
consensus outside the United States that Islamist militants from al Qaeda were
responsible, according to an international poll published Wednesday.
The survey of 16,063 people in 17 nations found majorities in only nine countries
believe al Qaeda was behind the attacks on New York and Washington that killed
about 3,000 people in 2001.
U.S. officials squarely blame al Qaeda, whose leader Osama bin Laden has boasted
of organizing the suicide attacks by his followers using hijacked commercial
On average, 46 percent of those surveyed said al Qaeda was responsible, 15
percent said the U.S. government, 7 percent said Israel and 7 percent said some
other perpetrator. One in four people said they did not know who was behind
The poll was conducted by WorldPublicOpinion.org, a collaborative project of
research centers in various countries managed by the Program on International
Policy Attitudes at the University of Maryland in the United States.
In Europe, al Qaeda was cited by 56 percent of Britons and Italians, 63 percent
of French and 64 percent of Germans. The U.S. government was to blame, according
to 23 percent of Germans and 15 percent of Italians.
Respondents in the Middle East were especially likely to name a perpetrator
other than al Qaeda, the poll found.
Israel was behind the attacks, said 43 percent of people in Egypt, 31 percent
in… Continue reading
The 9/11 documentary “ZERO” to be broadcast on Al Jazeera TV on Saturday 7 and Sunday 8 in two parts and on Russian State TV on September 12, 2008 (“One”)
on Friday September 12th, 2008, from 9.25pm until 00.30am followed by a discussion with two US-journalists and two journalists from Russia. Estimated number of viewers: 20 million.
Berlin, September 6, 2008: 9/11 event in Germany supports demands for a new international
9/11 investigation. On September 11 the documentary “Zero” will be aired
on Russian State TV.
In Berlin, Germany a 9/11 event took place on Thursday and Friday this week.
Giulietto Chiesa, an Italian member of the EU Parliament
Jürgen Elsässer, journalist and author – Link
Andreas von Bülow, former Minister of Research and Technology in Germany
Jochen Scholz, former Lt Col Airforce
Mathias Bröckers, Journalist, Link
Ekkehard Sieker, TV-Journalist
Eckart Spoo, Editor of the magazine “Ossietzky”
The Italian documentary “Zero” was screened at the conference.
On Friday a press conference was held at the Government Press Conference building in Berlin.
Subject was the push for a new international investigation of the 9/11 attacks. Mr.Giulietto Chiesa announced that the documentary “Zero” will be aired on Russia´s main TV-channel on September 11, followed by an discussion with two US-journalists and two journalists from Russia.
The 9/11 event took place at the “Russian House” in downtown Berlin, in an packed auditorium in front of almost 300 people. The Russian House was chosen after two other venues turned… Continue reading
Monday, September 8th, listen 10 pm – 12 am (CST) to Questioning War- Organizing Resistance on the WeThePeopleRadioNetwork.com and to our guests in the first hour- Janice Matthews and Mike Berger and to our guests in the second hour- Erik Lawyer and Richard Gage, AIA
Richard Gage, AIA receiving a 2007 Heroic Citizen for 9/11 Truth award
Janice Matthews is the Executive Director of 911Truth.org . Janice was their outreach coordinator until September, 2005 when she became executive director. She is also co-founder of the now-archived 9/11 Visibility Project , and focuses on facilitating activism and encouraging ordinary people to become participants and leaders in their own lives and communities. She has a B.A. from the University of Kansas, half a masters in social welfare and extensive training in direct-entry midwifery. She is a mother of six, a Kansas City native and radical Christian, and is working now to create a more self-sufficient/interdependent lifestyle. Janice is outraged about issues facing military troops and veterans– abuse/rape, ‘depleted’ uranium, ‘immunizations,’ lack of care and support received–resulting in suicides and hundreds of thousands of homeless veterans, the horrifying ‘non-lethal’ weaponry used by the US, and our current mainstream media (please, “become the media”!)and believes decentralized people’s movements are our hope for successful, nonviolent change in America, as has so often been the case around the world.
Welcome to Firefighters for 9/11 Truth. My name is Erik Lawyer, and I am the
founding member. I am currently a full time firefighter, and have been assigned
to 3 Truck in the City of Seattle for the last 12 years. Before that I was with
the City of Sacramento as a Firefighter Paramedic. I first began working in
Emergency Services in 1988 in the Sacramento area with a 911 private paramedic
ambulance company. I have 20 years experience in Emergency Services. I earned
my pilot’s license in 1987, and have been recreationally flying since. I graduated
with a Bachelor’s of Science in Mathematics from the University of California
at Davis in 1993, with 2 years of elective Engineering courses, and a Minor
I would like to share my story concerning September 11, 2001 and the events
that led to the creation of Firefighters for 9/11 Truth. I, like most Americans,
remember exactly where I was when I saw the attacks and had the overwhelming
urge to take action. I was shocked, outraged, scared and confused. I called
my Battalion Chief and asked if Seattle would be sending any teams to help.
I was a member of the MMST, and figured we would be needed and I wanted to know
where to report. Due to the nature of the incident we were not called up, and
instead USAR teams, including Seattle’s, were sent.
I first visited Ground Zero in October of 2001 with several firefighters from
This week Visibility 9-11 welcomes former diplomat from the State Department’s
Foreign Service J. Michael Springmann. Mr. Springmann served postings in Germany,
India, Saudi Arabia, and the Bureau of Intelligence and Research in Washington
D.C. He is a published author of several articles on national security themes,
and is an attorney in private practice in Washington D.C.
Michael has attended several 9/11 Conferences over the years, most notably,
the 9/11 Omission hearings on 9/9/2004 chaired by former Representative and
current Green Party candidate for President, Cynthia McKinney, as well as the
recent conference in Keene, NH.
Included in this important interview is a discussion regarding a new article
by Mr. Springmann titled, THE
MISTAKE DEPARTMENT: One Example of Why American Foreign Policy is a Disaster
(reprinted below) that discusses the American Consulate General at Jeddah, Saudi
Arabia, and it’s relationship to 15 of the 19 alleged September 11th hijackers.
In it, he says that "the Jeddah Consulate was not a State Department post
but an intelligence services operation", "the Central Intelligence
Agency (CIA) routinely demanded (and got) visas for sleazy characters with no
ties to either their home country or Saudi Arabia," and "these vile
people were terrorists recruited by U.S. intelligence officers along with Osama
bin Laden, then a CIA asset."
THE MISTAKE DEPARTMENT
One Example of Why American Foreign Policy is a Disaster
by J. Michael Springmann
After airplanes flew into the World Trade Towers and the Pentagon, The Los
Angeles Times reported that… Continue reading
By SHAUN WATERMAN
UPI Homeland and National Security Editor
June 30, 2008
WASHINGTON, June 30 (UPI) — The U.S. military is looking for a contractor to
patrol cyberspace, watching for warning signs of forthcoming terrorist attacks
or other hostile activity on the Web.
“If someone wants to blow us up, we want to know about it,” Robert
Hembrook, the deputy intelligence chief of the U.S. Army’s Fifth Signal Command
in Mannheim, Germany, told United Press International.
In a solicitation posted on the Web last week, the command said it was looking
for a contractor to provide “Internet awareness services” to support
“force protection” — the term of art for the security of U.S. military
installations and personnel.
“The purpose of the services will be to identify and assess stated and
implied threat, antipathy, unrest and other contextual data relating to selected
Internet domains,” says the solicitation.
Hembrook was tight-lipped about the proposal. “The more we talk about
it, the less effective it will be,” he said. “If we didn’t have to
put it out in public (to make the contract award), we wouldn’t have.”
He would not comment on the kinds of Internet sites the contractor would be
directed to look at but acknowledged it would “not (be) far off” to
assume violent Islamic extremists would be at the top of the list.
The solicitation says the successful contractor will “analyze various
Web pages, chat rooms, blogs and other Internet domains to aggregate and assess
data of interest,” adding, “The… Continue reading
Preparing the Battlefield
The Bush Administration steps up its secret moves against Iran.
by Seymour M. Hersh
July 7, 2008
Late last year, Congress agreed to a request from President Bush to fund a
major escalation of covert operations against Iran, according to current and
former military, intelligence, and congressional sources. These operations,
for which the President sought up to four hundred million dollars, were described
in a Presidential Finding signed by Bush, and are designed to destabilize the
country’s religious leadership. The covert activities involve support
of the minority Ahwazi Arab and Baluchi groups and other dissident organizations.
They also include gathering intelligence about Iran’s suspected nuclear-weapons
Clandestine operations against Iran are not new. United States Special Operations
Forces have been conducting cross-border operations from southern Iraq, with
Presidential authorization, since last year. These have included seizing members
of Al Quds, the commando arm of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, and taking
them to Iraq for interrogation, and the pursuit of “high-value targets”
in the President’s war on terror, who may be captured or killed. But the
scale and the scope of the operations in Iran, which involve the Central Intelligence
Agency and the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), have now been significantly
expanded, according to the current and former officials. Many of these activities
are not specified in the new Finding, and some congressional leaders have had
serious questions about their nature.
Under federal law, a Presidential Finding, which is highly classified, must
be issued when a covert intelligence operation gets under way and, at a minimum,
must be made known to Democratic and Republican leaders in the House and the
Senate and to the ranking members of their respective intelligence committees—the
so-called Gang of Eight.…