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The NIST WTC 7 Report: Bush Science reaches its peak

by Cover image of the NIST Final Report - WTC7Kevin R. Ryan

In a famous book by Antoine de Saint Exupery, a little prince from another planet asks the narrator to draw a sheep. After several unsatisfactory attempts, the narrator simply draws a box and tells the little prince that the sheep is in the box. The little prince then exclaims — “That is exactly the way I wanted it!” 1

Just so, the Bush Administration asked its scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for an explanation as to what happened at the World Trade Center (WTC) on 9/11. In response to this request, NIST drew up a series of fanciful stories over a period of years, each story differing from the previous one. Finally, after seven long years, NIST published its last story for WTC 7 by simply saying, in effect: “The explanation is in our computer.” 2

As expected, however, this explanation in a box leaves much to be desired for those of us who prefer to live in reality, instead of in a fictional world. On the other hand, we are learning something from NIST with this new report, and that is that when government scientists begin working for a political agenda above all else, there is no limit to the extent of deception that they will engage in. We also know that those who have produced the NIST WTC reports must now assume personal responsibility for the ongoing 9/11 Wars, and the millions of deaths that will result from those wars.…

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Scientists, Scholars, Architects & Engineers respond to NIST

via Electronic Mail: wtc@nist.gov

WTC Technical Information Repository

Attention: Mr. Stephen Cauffman

National Institute of Standards and Technology

Stop 8610

Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8610

September 15, 2008

Re: Public Comments on WTC 7 Draft Reports

Dear Mr. Cauffman,

I am writing on behalf of a group of scientists, scholars, engineers and building professionals who are dedicated to scientific research regarding the destruction of all three high-rise buildings (WTC 1, 2 and 7) on September 11, 2001. We have examined the draft reports recently released by NIST purporting to explain the demise of WTC Building 7 (collectively referred to herein as the “Report”). We have found many areas that need to be revised and re-examined by NIST personnel before they release a final report on this matter. We have provided our names and affiliations at the end of this document, in accordance with the guidelines for submittal of comments promulgated by NIST at (http://wtc.nist.gov/media/comments2008.html).

At the outset, we would like to call attention to the fact that we requested a reasonable extension of time for the public to submit comments. Given the rate at which we were finding incorrect or contradictory statements in the Report, we would likely have found many more areas NIST needs to re-examine before issuing a final report. As we pointed out in our original correspondence with you requesting the extension, the original three week deadline was completely unreasonable. First, it took NIST more than three years to compile this 1000+ page Report. Why, then,… Continue reading

Rumsfeld Updated Army’s Continuity of Operations Plan Before 9/11

October 6, 2008
by Tom Burghardt
Antifascist-Calling.blogspot.com/

Ten months before the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld approved an updated version of the U.S. Army’s secret operational Continuity of Government (COG) plans.

A draft document published by the whistleblowing website Wikileaks entitled, “Army Regulation 500-3, Emergency Employment of Army and Other Resources. Army Continuity of Operations (COOP) Program,” dated 19 January 2001, spells out changes in Army doctrine.

Issued by Headquarters, Department of the Army and signed off by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and the Secretary of the Army, the document is affixed with a warning: “Destruction Notice: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document.” The restricted document as published by Wikileaks states:

History. This regulation is a revision of the original regulation that was effective on 10 July 1989. Since that time, no changes have been published to amend the original.

Summary. This regulation on the Army Continuity of Operations (COOP) Program has been revised to update Army COOP policy and extend the requirement for all-hazards COOP planning to all Army organizations. Classified information contained in the 1989 version of this AR has been removed and placed in a classified HQDA Operations Plan (OPLAN).

Applicability. This regulation applies to the Active Army, the U.S. Army Reserve (USAR), and when federalized to the Army National Guard (ARNG). In the event of conflict between this regulation and approved OSD or JCS publications, the provisions of the latter will… Continue reading

Obama and 9/11

by Michael Hasty Sunday
RadicalPantheist.blogspot.com

Although I was as happy as most Americans that Barack Obama took the oath of office last week, rather than his Republican alternative, there is a major reason that he did not get my vote in November, which went instead to Cynthia McKinney: Obama is unlikely to re-open an investigation into what really happened on September 11, 2001–an investigation that needs to happen.

According to polls, about four in ten Americans are suspicious that the Bush administration was complicit in the 9/11 attacks–either by deliberately ignoring intelligence that warned an attack was coming and allowing the terrorists to strike, to gain public support for the neoconservative foreign policy agenda of increasing American military power in the Middle East; or by actively coordinating the attacks themselves, for the same reason. As Time magazine, in a rare acknowledgement of the 9/11 truth movement, said: “This is not a fringe phenomenon. It is a mainstream political reality.”

It’s easy to understand, however, why a majority of Americans have such a hard time getting their minds around the idea that their government may have some involvement in such a horrendous crime. Americans are conditioned from an early age to think of themselves as “the good guys,” living in a “democracy”–which, however imperfect, has always been primarily motivated by the desire to advance the core national principle of “freedom,” both at home and abroad. And the actions of the government are closely monitored by a diligent “free press.”

It’s a… Continue reading

Rehearsing 9/11: How Training Exercises Foretold the Attacks of September 11

by Shoestring
911Blogger.com

The idea of such an attack was well known [and] had been
wargamed as a possibility in exercises before September 11.

- Professor John Arquilla of the Naval Postgraduate
School, Monterey, California

In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks, senior U.S. government and military officials repeatedly claimed that what happened that day was unexpected. In May 2002, National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice said, “I don’t think anybody could have predicted that these people would take an airplane and slam it into the World Trade Center, take another one and slam it into the Pentagon; that they would try to use an airplane as a missile, a hijacked airplane as a missile.” [1] Two years later, President Bush stated, “Nobody in our government, at least, and I don’t think the prior government, could envision flying airplanes into buildings on such a massive scale.” [2] General Ralph Eberhart, the commander of NORAD on September 11, said, “Regrettably, the tragic events of 9/11 were never anticipated or exercised.” [3]

Yet these claims were untrue. Not only had the U.S. military and other government agencies discussed the possibility of such attacks, they also conducted numerous training exercises in the year or two before September 11 based around scenarios remarkably similar to what occurred on 9/11. As John Arquilla, a professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, said, “No one knew specifically that 20 people would hijack four airliners and use them for suicide attacks… Continue reading

Obama and 9/11 2

Imagine yourself within the mind of Barack Obama, the first African American president of the United States of America. You are a man who knows how “the system” works.

Editor’s Note:
Part 1 of this blog entry was posted 1/28 here.

This knowledge has been accrued at hard struggle, and by a remarkable and unique ability to adapt to any environment because you spent a lifetime as an exotic specimen in every environment, from Kansas to Kenya–both African and American, Muslim and Christian, black and white. But you always displayed your native nobility–tribal nobility on your father’s side; nobility of spirit on your mother’s–and you were, with rare exceptions, accepted on your own terms. You were born under the sign of Leo, the lion, the natural leader; and your intelligence was honed with great discipline, under the influence of strong women.

Because your upbringing instilled in you a generosity of spirit that is natural to liberalism, and firsthand understanding from your grandfather of what motivates a man to risk his life for his country and an African father’s sense of freedom, unencumbered by Jim Crow oppression, you are a natural idealist who believes in the promise of America.

But you are also–with laser-focused intensity–a realist. A “pragmatist,” as they say. And no one knows better than you how much danger you are in.

It’s not just the racist crazies, one of whom could always, unexpectedly pop up through some weird quirk in the security system. But that’s only a… Continue reading

AE911Truth Making History in San Francisco

AE911Truth.org Press Conference/Speaking Engagement Saturday 5/2 at
4pm, Westin Market Street Hotel

Live coverage available via a link at www.ae911truth.org

aialivecoverage

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Contact Phone: 510-292-4710
Site: AE911Truth.org
Email: rg-aia@ae911truth.org

Berkeley, CA, April 25, 2009 — More than 640 Architects &
Engineers for 9/11 Truth (AE911Truth) are calling for a new, independent investigation
into the destruction of the World Trade Center high-rises. These building professionals
cite evidence of explosive demolition at all three WTC high-rises on 9/11 and
document the evidence at their website. Michael Heimbach, assistant director
of the FBI’s counterterrorism division, wrote
that their claims and conclusion were “backed by thorough research and analysis.”

AE911Truth will host exhibitor’s information booth #2609 at this year’s
annual convention of the prestigious American Institute of Architects (AIA).
The convention, with more than 800 exhibitors and more than 20,000 participating
architects, will take place in San Francisco’s Moscone Center, April 30-May
2.

This exhibition will be followed up on Saturday May 2nd with a dynamic multi-media
presentation by AE911Truth founder Richard Gage, AIA. Mr Gage will cover the
forensic evidence found at the crime scene as well as a review of the omissions
in the official FEMA and NIST reports. Join AE911Truth at the Westin Market
Street Hotel at 50 Third St. in San Francisco at 4:00 pm on Saturday for this
thorough review of the myth-shattering information.

Time magazine acknowledged in 2006 that the 9/11 Truth movement was not a “fringe
phenomenon,” but “a mainstream political reality.” As well,
Architects… Continue reading

Daniel Sunjata: Intellectual Dishonesty In The Age Of Universal Deceit

Intellectual Dishonesty In The Age Of Universal Deceit:
a message to the corporate media and our elected officials.

By Daniel Sunjata – May 4, 2009
www.911blogger.com

“The inert masses are mentally and spiritually ill equipped to deal with reality, so they block it out of their minds – aided of course, by the corporate media and the propaganda apparatus of the government itself. This is why fantasy is frequently substituted for reality, plutocracy is mistaken for democracy, and the majority of the people do not know the difference. Millions of good people thus refuse to allow into their psyche the suffering and misery that U.S. policies have produced and exported to the world, even as that reality is closing in upon them.”Charles Sullivan

“They could be made to accept the most flagrant violations of reality…and were not sufficiently interested in public events to notice what was happening.” – George Orwell, 1984

“Article XXXIV OBSTRUCTION OF INVESTIGATION INTO THE ATTACKS OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001” – From the 35 articles of impeachment introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives on 06/09/08 in H.Res. 1258 by Congressman Dennis Kucinich

The list is not a short one. It includes professors, architects, aerospace and aviation professionals, structural/mechanical/& aeronautical engineers, demolition experts, firefighters and other first responders, scientists, theologians, senior members of both the military and intelligence communities, Republican administration appointees, state department veterans, and other government officials from the United States and abroad; credible experts of impeccable pedigree with impressive track records from… Continue reading

9/11 World Trade Center Expert to Give 100th Talk in San Diego Area

PR Newswire
Tue June 9, 2009

To: NATIONAL EDITORS

Contact: Dwain Deets of Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth,
+1-760-445-3242, dadeets (at) cox [dot] net

SAN DIEGO, June 9 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ — On Saturday, June 13 and Sunday,
June 14, 2009, architect Richard Gage, AIA, will give his 100th talk on behalf
of more than 640 architects and engineers who cite evidence of explosive demolition
as the cause for collapse of the three World Trade Center buildings on 9/11.
After careful examination of forensics data inconsistent with the official account,
these professionals are calling for a new, independent investigation into the
9/11 atrocities.

A practicing architect for more than 20 years, Gage is the founder of Architects
and Engineers for 9/11 Truth (AE911Truth). Comprised of more than 3,600 petition-signers,
members, architects and engineers, the organization contends at its Web site,
AE911Truth.org, that the official FEMA and NIST reports provide insufficient
evidence to explain the towers’ destruction. AE911Truth points in particular
to the destruction of the third high-rise, World Trade Center 7, which was not
hit by an aircraft yet came down in less than seven seconds. The group bases
its conclusions solely on forensic evidence and does not engage in conspiracy
theories or in assigning blame for the destruction.

AE911Truth’s conclusions are shared by hundreds of scientists, senior-level
military, intelligence and government officials; pilots and aviation professionals;
scholars and university professors; 9/11 survivors and family members; and media
professionals around the world.

The 9/11 Truth movement, which Time magazine called… Continue reading

AE911Truth.org Events in Washington, DC this week

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
June 30, 2009
Contact: Justin Keogh
Phone: (510) 292-4710
Electronic mail: http://www.ae911truth.org/contactus.php

Architect to Speak in DC on 9/11 World Trade Center Destruction
Professional group to present evidence to Congress

Berkeley, CA — Monday, July 13, through Friday, July 17, the nonprofit group DC911Truth will bring San Francisco Bay Area architect Richard Gage, AIA, to Washington, DC, for a series of public events and meetings with congressional representatives. Gage represents more than 700 architects and engineers who cite evidence for explosive demolition as the cause of the destruction of the three World Trade Center towers on 9/11. After careful examination of forensic data inconsistent with the official account, these professionals are calling for a new, independent investigation into the 9/11 attacks.

A practicing architect for more than 20 years, Gage is the founder of Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth (AE911Truth). Comprised of more than 4,500 total petition signers, members, architects, engineers, physicists and scientists, the organization contends at its website, AE911Truth.org, that the official FEMA and NIST reports fail to explain the towers’ destruction. The group’s evidence includes the admitted free-fall of Building 7, the constancy of the acceleration of the North Tower, and nanothermite residues in the WTC dust. Events

  1. Tuesday, July 14 — Thursday, July 16: AE911Truth will host exhibitor’s booth #411 displaying the controversial evidence at DesignDC, the 2009 annual convention of the Washington DC chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA):
    Walter… Continue reading

Cheney pressed Bush to test Constitutional limits by using military force on US soil–National Level Exercise next week

By Muriel Kane
July 24, 2009
RawStory.com

According to a story in Friday’s New York Times, Vice-President Cheney advocated in 2002 for the Bush administration to send military troops to Buffalo to arrest the so-called Lackawanna Six as enemy combatants.

This would have violated both Fourth Amendment guarantees against search and seizure without probable cause and the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878, which makes it illegal to use the military for law enforcement.

Despite those prohibitions, Cheney argued that the president did have the power to use the military on US soil, citing an October 23, 2001 Justice Department memorandum co-authored by John Yoo which claimed that presidential power extended to the domestic use of the military as long as it served a national security purpose.

The Lackawanna Six were a group of young Yememi-Americans who had attended an al Qaeda training camp in 2001. They were arrested in September 2002, and President Bush bragged of having broken their “cell” in his January 2003 State of the Union address.

However, an investigation by Salon failed to turn up any evidence that they were actually a “sleeper cell” or that they had been planning any kind of violent attack. Most of them were convicted merely of providing material aid to terrorists.

According to Salon, all six were very ordinary young men who had been led to believe they were traveling to Afghanistan for religious studies. The evidence against them was tenuous — which was one reason Cheney pressed for them to be held as enemy combatants instead of being arrested — and many of their Muslim neighbors told Salon they believed the entire case against them was a scam.…

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KBDI Public TV Denver to air ‘9/11: Blueprint for Truth'; Gage Presentation in Boulder

From Colorado911visibility.org

DENVER Saturday, August 15, 2009 at 7:00 p.m.
Denver, KBDI-12, Colorado Public Television
TV airing of “9/11: Blueprint for Truth”
with in-studio appearance by Richard Gage, AIA

KBDI Colorado Public Television to Air ‘9/11: Blueprint for Truth
Saturday, August 15, 2009 – 7:00 – 9:00 pm MDT

KBDI, Channel 12 will be featuring ‘9/11: Blueprint for Truth’ as a pledge
drive fundraiser. Richard Gage, AIA, will be at the studio for on-air interviews
during this historic broadcast.

We are thrilled with this development!

However, please do not call or email KBDI.

The staff at KBDI thank you all for your calls and emails regarding the broadcasts
of ‘9/11 Press For Truth’ and the upcoming broadcast of ‘9/11: Blueprint for
Truth.’ As much as they would like to be able to personally respond to everyone,
they cannot, as the volume of grateful responses is overwhelming their small
staff!

But here are things you can do that will help the 9/11 Truth movement:

1) If you are outside the Colorado area, contact your local PBS station and
deliver to them a copy of ‘9/11 Press for Truth,’ ‘Zero,’ and ‘9/11: Blueprint
for Truth.’ Tell them of the great success KBDI Colorado Public Television has
had with their pledge drive with ‘9/11 Press for Truth,’ and suggest they screen
these films.

Don’t forget, this is a relationship you are building with your local PBS station.
We may soon have some guidelines for you–but you know what to do: dress nicely,
be… Continue reading

NASA Engineer to Speak on Destruction of WTC Buildings

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
October 12, 2009

Contact: Event information: Aaron Brown; Program content: Dwain Deets
Phone: Brown: 909-576-2800 Deets: 760-445-3242
Email: TorerosForTruth@gmail.com
Event Date: Wednesday, October 21, 12:00 p.m.

NASA Engineer to Speak on Destruction of WTC Buildings
Encinitas resident a leader among 900 architects and engineers

San Diego – On Wednesday, October 21, 2009, former NASA engineering executive Dwain Deets, will speak on behalf of more than 900 architects and engineers who cite evidence of explosive demolition at all three World Trade Center high-rises on 9/11 and are calling for a new, independent investigation into their destruction.

Mr. Deets’ multimedia presentation will begin at 12:00 p.m. at the Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace and Justice, on the campus of University of San Diego, 5998 Alcalá Park, San Diego, CA 92110. The event will conclude at 3:00 p.m.

An engineer with NASA Dryden Flight Research Center for more than 37 years, Mr. Deets is a board member and the writing team leader for Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth (AE911Truth). Comprised of more than 900 architects and engineers listed on their website at AE911Truth.org, the organization contends that the official FEMA and NIST reports fail, for several reasons, to explain correctly the towers’ destruction. AE911Truth points in particular to the destruction of the third high-rise, World Trade Center 7, which was not hit by a plane but came down in less than seven seconds. These 900 architects and engineers have signed a petition calling for a new investigation.

Mr.… Continue reading

9/11 tragedy pager intercepts

November 25, 2009

[Story Updated 12/2/2009 at 911truth.org with reviwed material from www.911.wikileaks.org.]
Wikileaks.org

From 3AM on Wednesday November 25, 2009, until 3AM the following day (US east coast time), WikiLeaks released half a million US national text pager intercepts. The intercepts cover a 24 hour period surrounding the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York and Washington.

The messages were broadcasted “live” to the global community — sychronized to the time of day they were sent. The first message was from 3AM September 11, 2001, five hours before the first attack, and the last, 24 hours later.

Text pagers are usually carried by persons operating in an official capacity. Messages in the archive range from Pentagon, FBI, FEMA and New York Police Department exchanges, to computers reporting faults at investment banks inside the World Trade Center.

The archive is a completely objective record of the defining moment of our time. We hope that its entrance into the historical record will lead to a nuanced understanding of how this event led to death, opportunism and war.

Twitter users should refer to the hashtag #911txts. We will give status updates at twitter.com/wikileaks.

Observations may be posted to posted here.

Please remember to protect and support our work.An index of messages released is available here.All pager messages released can be downloaded here as a single compressed text file.


RELATED:

9/11 Text Messages Released: Wikileaks Publishes Intercepted Government Pager Texts As They Were Sent

November 25, 2009
HuffingtonPost.com

Government employees… Continue reading

Counterterrorism in Shambles; Why?

January 6, 2010
by Ray McGovern & Coleen Rowley
CommonDreams.org

Yesterday, a blogger with the PBS’ NewsHour asked former CIA analyst Ray McGovern to respond to three questions regarding recent events involving the CIA, FBI, and the intelligence community in general.

Two other old intelligence hands were asked the identical questions, queries that are typical of what radio/TV and blogger interviewers usually think to be the right ones. So there is merit in trying to answer them directly, such as they are, and then broadening the response to address some of the core problems confronting U.S. counter-terror strategies.

After drafting his answers, McGovern asked former FBI attorney/special agent Coleen Rowley, a colleague in Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity (VIPS) to review his responses and add her own comments at the end. The Q & A is below:

Question #1 – What lapses in the American counter terrorism apparatus made the Christmas Day bombing plot possible? Is it inevitable that certain plots will succeed?

The short answer to the second sentence is: Yes, it is inevitable that “certain plots will succeed.” A more helpful answer would address the question as to how we might best minimize their prospects for success. And to do this, sorry to say, there is no getting around the necessity to address the root causes of terrorism or, in the vernacular, “why they hate us.”

If we don’t go beyond self-exculpatory sloganeering in attempting to answer that key question, any

“counter terrorism apparatus” is doomed to failure.… Continue reading

‘Continuity of Government’ Planning: War, Terror and the Supplanting of the U.S. Constitution

by Peter Dale Scott
JapanFocus.org
The Asia-Pacific Journal
, 21-2-10

Editor’s Note:
These remarks were presented by Dr. Scott at the Understanding Deep Politics conference, held May 14-16 in Santa Cruz, CA.

Photo of Oliver North at the Iran-Contra Hearings

In July 1987, during the Iran-Contra Hearings grilling of Oliver North, the American public got a glimpse of “highly sensitive” emergency planning North had been involved in. Ostensibly these were emergency plans to suspend the American constitution in the event of a nuclear attack (a legitimate concern). But press accounts alleged that the planning was for a more generalized suspension of the constitution.

As part of its routine Iran-contra coverage, the following exchange was printed in the New York Times , but without journalistic comment or follow-up:

[Congressman Jack] Brooks: Colonel North, in your work at the N.S.C. were you not assigned, at one time, to work on plans for the continuity of government in the event of a major disaster?

Both North’s attorney and Sen. Daniel Inouye, the Democratic Chair of the Committee, responded in a way that showed they were aware of the issue:

Brendan Sullivan [North's counsel, agitatedly]: Mr. Chairman?

[Senator Daniel] Inouye: I believe that question touches upon a highly sensitive and classified area so may I request that you not touch upon that?

Brooks: I was particularly concerned, Mr. Chairman, because I read in Miami papers, and several others, that there had been a plan developed, by that same agency, a contingency plan in the event of emergency, that would suspend the American… Continue reading

Building What? How SCADs Can Be Hidden in Plain Sight

David Ray Griffin

At 5:21 PM on 9/11, Building 7 of the World Trade Center collapsed, even though it had not been hit by a plane — a fact that is important because of the widespread acceptance of the idea, in spite of its scientific absurdity, that the Twin Towers collapsed because of the combined effect of the impact of the airliners plus the ensuing jet-fuel-fed fires. The collapse of World Trade Center 7 (WTC 7) thereby challenges the official account of the destruction of the World Trade Center, according to which it was accomplished by al-Qaeda hijackers, even if one accepts the government’s scientifically impossible account of the Twin Towers. This fact was recently emphasized in the title of a review article based on my 2009 book, The Mysterious Collapse of World Trade Center 7, 1 by National Medal of Science-winner Lynn Margulis: “Two Hit, Three Down — The Biggest Lie.” 2

1. Why the Collapse of WTC 7 Created an Extraordinary Problem

The collapse of WTC 7 created an extraordinary problem for the official account of 9/11 for several reasons.

An Unprecedented Occurrence

One reason is that, because of the collapse of WTC 7, the official account of 9/11 includes the dubious claim that, for the first time in the known universe, a steel-frame high-rise building was brought down by fire, and science looks askance at claims of unprecedented occurrences regarding physical phenomena. New York Times writer James Glanz, who himself has a Ph.D. in physics, wrote: “[E]xperts… Continue reading

Did 9/11 Justify the War in Afghanistan?

Using the McChrystal Moment to Raise a Forbidden Question

David Ray Griffin
GlobalResearch.ca

There are many questions to ask about the war in Afghanistan. One that has been widely asked is whether it will turn out to be “Obama’s Vietnam.”1 This question implies another: Is this war winnable, or is it destined to be a quagmire, like Vietnam? These questions are motivated in part by the widespread agreement that the Afghan government, under Hamid Karzai, is at least as corrupt and incompetent as the government the United States tried to prop up in South Vietnam for 20 years.

Although there are many similarities between these two wars, there is also a big difference: This time, there is no draft. If there were a draft, so that college students and their friends back home were being sent to Afghanistan, there would be huge demonstrations against this war on campuses all across this country. If the sons and daughters of wealthy and middle-class parents were coming home in boxes, or with permanent injuries or post-traumatic stress syndrome, this war would have surely been stopped long ago. People have often asked: Did we learn any of the “lessons of Vietnam”? The US government learned one: If you’re going to fight unpopular wars, don’t have a draft — hire mercenaries!

There are many other questions that have been, and should be, asked about this war, but in this essay, I focus on only one: Did the 9/11 attacks justify the war in Afghanistan?… Continue reading

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