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FBI chief: Rules would help root out terrorists

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New rules for national security investigations will help protect Americans
from terror attacks, FBI Director Robert Mueller told lawmakers Tuesday, even
if they single out people from the Middle East.

By LARA JAKES JORDAN

Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON –

New rules for national security investigations will help protect Americans
from terror attacks, FBI Director Robert Mueller told lawmakers Tuesday, even
if they single out people from the Middle East.

Skeptical Democrats clashed with Mueller, who told the House Judiciary Committee
that FBI agents would no longer need solid evidence or allegations of wrongdoing
to spy on Americans even before opening investigations. Democrats also expressed
doubts that the Justice Department and FBI would protect civil liberties and
privacy rights after years of previous abuses and stymied congressional oversight.

During nearly two hours of testimony, Mueller described the tentative rules
– known as the attorney general’s guidelines – as a proactive way to prevent
another 9/11.

The new rules would ensure that suspicious behavior is investigated, Mueller
said, citing a July 2001 memo from an FBI agent in Phoenix who noted a rising
trend of Middle Eastern men taking flight lessons. The agent’s warning was ignored,
and the 9/11 Commission later said it could have served as a clue to al-Qaida’s
intent.

“It is that kind of threat and identification of a very suspicious circumstance
that would warrant further investigation,” Mueller said. Additionally,
he said current guidelines make it “very difficult” for agents to
look into people believed to be traveling to terror hotspots, such as training
camps in Pakistan.

“I believe the American public and this committee want us to understand
that potential threat and do what is necessary to try to identify persons who
travel to Pakistan, whatever their heritage, whatever their backgrounds, whatever
their ethnicity, to determine who is going to Pakistan to obtain that training
and may be coming back to the United States,” Mueller said.

Rep. Lamar Smith of Texas, the panel’s top Republican, called Mueller’s description
a “persuasive argument on the need to change the guidelines.”

Democrats sounded unconvinced.

“We’re trying to identify what specific safeguards will prevent improper
undercover FBI spying … and improper racial and ethnic profiling,” said
Judiciary Chairman John Conyers, D-Mich.

“The more I know about them, I’m very concerned about the expanded authority
to be given to FBI agents,” said Rep. Jerrold Nadler, D-N.Y. “We’ve
seen problems before when we gave too much authority to the FBI.”

“There are very real questions about how this will operate – not in theory
but in practice,” said Rep. Artur Davis, D-Ala.

First reported by The Associated Press, the guidelines do not require congressional
approval, and the Justice Department wants to have them in place by the month’s
end. The Justice Department says they will merely streamline existing authorities
used in criminal and national security investigation. Critics call them a broad
expansion of FBI powers that could result in racial, ethnic or religious profiling.

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Mueller also touched on several other hot topics during the testimony. He said
the FBI is now investigating 24 large corporate mortgage lenders, up from 21
two months ago, in the wake of the nation’s collapsing subprime mortgage market.
He did not name any of the companies under investigation but said the FBI is
looking at whether any of them have misrepresented their assets.

Mueller is scheduled to make a similar appearance Wednesday before the Senate
Judiciary Committee.

On the Net:
House Judiciary Committee: http://judiciary.house.gov/index.html
FBI: http://www.fbi.gov/
Justice Department: http://www.usdoj.gov/

Source URL: http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/politics/2008183284_apcongressfbi.html?syndication=rss